Air-water interactions: The signature of meteorological and air-quality parameters on the chemical characteristics of water produced from the atmosphere

Offir Inbar, Alexandra Chudnovsky, Kevin Ohneiser, Albert Ansmann, Stanislav Ratner, Roman Sirota, Yaron Aviv, Dror Avisar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Atmospheric water is considered an alternative sustainable solution for global water scarcity. We analyzed the effects of meteorological and air-quality parameters on the chemical characteristics of atmospheric water. First, we measured the chemical characteristics of water produced by a unique atmospheric water generator (AWG) apparatus in Tel Aviv, Israel. To examine the complex air-water relationships, we obtained atmospheric data from several sources: adjacent air-quality-monitoring stations, aerosol robotic network (AERONET), aerosol pollution profile using PollyXT lidar, and air back-trajectory simulation (HYSPLIT). We found a strong impact of different pollution sources on the water quality. The integration between HYSPLIT, AERONET and lidar analyses shows that the pathway crossed by the air parcel three days before arrival at the site affected the chemical properties of the produced water. Nearby sea salt aerosols from the Mediterranean were persistently observed in the water (medians: sodium 69 μg/L, chloride ions 120 μg/L), corresponding to lidar identification of a sea-breeze layer (30–50 sr lidar ratio in lower elevation). Seasonal variability in climatic conditions affected the concentration of dust-related elements in the water. During dust-storm events, calcium was the most dominant element (median 900 μg/L). Thus, the chemical characteristics of the water can be considered a “footprint” of both regional, local, and phenological composition of the atmosphere.

Original languageEnglish
Article number147940
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume790
DOIs
StatePublished - 10 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Air quality
  • Air-water interaction
  • Atmospheric technologies
  • Atmospheric water generator (AWG)
  • Dew water
  • Water scarcity

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