Air-conditioning characteristics of the human nose

Michael Wolf, Sara Naftali, Robert C. Schroter, David Elad*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Nasal inspiration is important for maintaining the internal milieu of the lung, since ambient air is conditioned to nearly alveolar conditions (body temperature and fully saturated with water vapour) upon reaching the nasopharynx. This literature review of the existing in vivo, in vitro and computational studies on transport phenomena that take place within the human nasal cavity summarizes the current knowledge on air-conditioning characteristics of the human nose.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-92
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Laryngology and Otology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2004


  • Air Conditioning
  • Nasal Cavity
  • Physiology


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