(A)GGG(A), (A)CCC(A) and other potential 3′ splice signals in primate nuclear pre-mRNA sequences

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Abstract

Several 3′ splice signals in nuclear precursor mRNAs have already been known for some time: the AG doublet on the left-hand side of the splice and a run of pyrimidines just upstream of it. More recently it has been noted that the YNYTRAY sequence (where Y is a pyrimidine, R a purine and N any base) is a branching-sequence participating in formation of a lariat structure. Keller and Noon have shown the existence of several putative consensus sequences at this site. In this work, extensive computations of the distributions of 256 quartets in all primate nuclear pre-mRNA intron sequences present in GenBank have been carried out. Several putative signals upstream and downstream of the 3′ splice have been detected. These have been compared with the results obtained in analogous computations carried out on all nuclear pre-mRNA introns present in a combined eukaryotic file containing mammal, non-mammalian vertebrate, invertebrate and plant sequences. The distributions of the more interesting oligomers are shown here. Of particular interest are the putative (A)GGG(A) signal 60 nucleotides upstream of the 3′ splice site and (A)CCC(A) 3-40 nucleotides downstream of it. A possible splicing model explaining these data and involving formation of alterantive hairpin loop structures is proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-270
Number of pages10
JournalBBA - Gene Structure and Expression
Volume910
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 Dec 1987

Keywords

  • (Primate DNA)
  • Computer model
  • Consensus sequence
  • Lariat structure
  • Splice signal
  • mRNA

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