Age-related changes in salivary antioxidant profile: Possible implications for oral cancer

Oded Hershkovich, Itay Shafat, Rafael M. Nagler*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Oral cancer's much higher prevalence among older people may be due to an age-related reduction in protective salivary antioxidant mechanisms and/or an age-related increase in the magnitude of oral carcinogen attack, such as reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS), causing DNA aberrations. This study found a significantly reduced total value of salivary antioxidant capacity in elderly persons (as measured by overall antioxidant capacity [ImAnOx] assay), (46% of healthy individuals, p = .004), increased oxidative stress (86% increase in carbonyl concentrations - indicators of enhanced ROS attack, p = .001), and increased salivary concentrations and total values of RNS (7-fold and 3-fold higher respectively, p = .001), all contributing to increased DNA oxidation of oral epithelial cells. Salivary oxidative stress-related changes in the intimately related saliva and oral epithelium compounded with higher viscosity of saliva may explain the higher prevalence of oral cancer in the elderly population. Administration of local therapeutic agents (i.e., antioxidants) to the oral cavity should be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-366
Number of pages6
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Volume62
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2007
Externally publishedYes

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