Age as a Risk Factor for Intraoperative Periprosthetic Femoral Fractures in Cementless Hip Hemiarthroplasty for Femoral Neck Fractures: A Retrospective Analysis

Itay Ashkenazi, Nissan Amzallag, Shai Factor, Mohamed Abadi, Samuel Morgan, Aviram Gold, Nimrod Snir, Yaniv Warschawski*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Understanding the risk factors and outcomes of intraoperative periprosthetic femoral fractures (IPFF) during hip arthroplasty is crucial for appropriate perioperative management. Previous studies have identified risk factors for IPFF in total hip arthroplasty patients, but data for hip hemiarthroplasty (HA) is lacking. The aim of this study was to determine the age associated with increased rates of IPFF in patients undergoing HA. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed patients aged 65 years and above who underwent a cementless HA for a displaced femoral neck fracture and had a minimum of 1-year follow-up. Patients were stratified into five age groups (65–79, 80–84, 85–89, 90–94, and ≥ 95 years) and further divided into two subgroups (under 95 years and 95 years or older). The presence, location, and treatment of IPFF, as well as the effect of IPFF on the postoperative weight-bearing status, were compared between groups. A multivariate logistic regression was also performed. A total of 1,669 met the inclusion criteria and were included in the study. Results: The rates of IPFF were significantly higher for patients 95 years or older (p = 0.030). However, fracture location (greater trochanter fractures, p = 0.839; calcar fractures, p = 0.394; and femoral shaft fractures p = 0.110), intraoperative treatment (p = 0.424), and postoperative weight-bearing status (p = 0.229) were similar between the groups. While mortality and nonorthopedicrelated readmissions were significantly higher for patients 95 years or older, orthopedic-related readmissions (p = 0.148) and revisions at the latest follow-up (p = 0.253) were comparable between groups. In a regression analysis, age over 95 years (odds ratio, 2.049; p = 0.049) and body mass index (odds ratio, 0.935; p = 0.016) were independently associated with IPFF. Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest that age over 95 years is a significant, independent risk factor for IPFF in patients undergoing cementless HA. Although we were unable to show an impact on perioperative outcomes and orthopedic complications, when operating on patients 95 years or older, surgeons should be aware of the increased risk of IPFF and consider the use of stem designs and fixation types associated with decreased IPFF rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-48
Number of pages8
JournalClinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hip hemiarthroplasty
  • Intraoperative fracture
  • Periprosthetic femoral fracture

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