Age and pain score before gastrointestinal endoscopies in children are predictors for post procedure pain

Tut Galai, Anat Yerushalmy-Feler, Nathan P. Heller, Amir Ben-Tov, Yael Weintraub, Achiya Amir, Hadar Moran-Lev, Lilach Zac, Shlomi Cohen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Gastrointestinal endoscopy may be associated with pain and anxiety. Predictors for high pain scores after endoscopies in children are not known. The aim of our study was to identify risk factors for prolonged recovery and higher pain scores after gastrointestinal endoscopy in children. Methods: All the children that were electively admitted for gastrointestinal endoscopies were included. We retrospectively collected demographic, clinical and endoscopic data as well as information on the recovery process. A numerical rating scale and the Faces, Legs, Activity, Cry, and Consolability Scale were used for pain scoring. Results: During the study period (01/2016–10/2016), 284 children (median age 10.7 years, interquartile range 6.7–14.8) were recruited. In a univariate analysis, older age, higher pre-procedure pain scores, longer procedure durations, higher number of biopsies and longer recovery duration were associated with higher post-procedure pain scores. In a multivariate analysis higher pain scores before the procedure (OR 12.42, 95% CI 3.67–42, P < 0.001) and older age (OR 1.016, 95% CI 1.007–1.025, P < 0.001) were associated with higher pain scores after the procedure. Children with a higher pain score before the procedure also had a longer recovery period (OR 5.28, 95% CI (1.93–14.49), P = 0.001). Conclusion: Older age and higher pain score before the procedure were identified as predictors for higher pain score after pediatric gastrointestinal endoscopies. Children with these risk factors should be identified before the procedure in order to personalize their post-procedure management.

Original languageEnglish
Article number400
JournalBMC Gastroenterology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2020


  • Biopsy
  • Children
  • Endoscopy
  • Gastrointestinal
  • Pain
  • Predictors


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