This report describes the effect of age and gender on the results of balloon angioplasty using current technique and indications. A consecutive group of 2,067 patients who underwent angioplasty at a single institution after 1990 is described. Angioplastic success was 92.2% and similar among men and women and the various age groups. Sixteen patients (0.8%) died, and mortality among women was significantly higher (1.4 vs. 0.6%, p < 0.001). There were no age or gender differences in the rate of Q-wave myocardial infarction and the need for coronary artery bypass. Minor complications such as groin complications (10.5% women, 5.0% men; p < 0.001) and infections (6.4% women, 3.7% men; p < 0.05) were more common in women, and as a result the duration of hospitalization after angioplasty was longer. The length of hospitalization after angioplasty was longer with advanced age, mainly as a result of higher groin complications (p < 0.001), infections (p < 0.01) and renal failure (p < 0.05). We conclude that using current indications and technique, angioplasty can be performed safely with a high success rate. Mortality is higher among women. The length of hospitalization after angioplasty is longer in women and, at advanced age, due to higher rate of minor complications.