After-event reviews: Drawing lessons from successful and failed experience

Shmuel Ellis*, Inbar Davidi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The claim that appropriate after-event review might decrease the relative advantage of drawing lessons from failures over drawing lessons from successes was examined in a quasi-field experiment. The results show that performance of soldiers doing successive navigation exercises improved significantly when they were debriefed on their failures and successes after each training day, compared with others who reviewed their failed events only. The findings also show that, before the manipulation, in both groups, learners' mental models of failed events were richer in constructs and links than were their mental models of successful events. This gap closed gradually in subsequent measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)857-871
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Volume90
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2005

Keywords

  • After-event reviews
  • Cause maps
  • Learning from experience
  • Mental models
  • Need for closure

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