Adverse pregnancy outcomes and multiple nuchal cord loops

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the effects of nuchal cord and the number of loops during labor and delivery on delivery outcomes among women with singleton pregnancy who delivered vaginally. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 42,798 women with singleton, vertex, and vaginal deliveries at 24–43 weeks of gestation. We analyzed delivery outcomes based on the number of nuchal cord loops. Results: A total of 42,798 deliveries met the inclusion criteria, of which, 3809 (8.9%) had nuchal cord with 1 loop at delivery, 1035 (2.42%) had 2 loops, and 258 (0.6%) had 3 loops. Nuchal cord with 3 loops compared to no nuchal cord has been associated with higher incidence of intrauterine fetal death (1.9%), Apgar scores less than 7 at 1 and 5 min (7.4%, 2.3%), and higher rate of operative vaginal deliveries (17.5%). Nuchal cord with 2 or 3 loops was associated with higher incidence of intrauterine growth restriction (10.2%, 11.6%). In a multiple logistic regression model, nuchal cord with 3 loops was an independent risk factor for operative vaginal delivery and Apgar score less than 7 in 1 min. Conclusions: In the case of vaginal delivery in the presence of nuchal cord, as the number of nuchal cord loops increased, so did the number of adverse delivery outcomes. While 3 loops were associated with higher incidence of intrauterine fetal death, intrauterine growth restriction, increased operative vaginal deliveries, and low Apgar scores, 1 loop was not associated with adverse perinatal outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-283
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume300
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • Adverse pregnancy outcomes
  • Apgar scores
  • IUGR
  • Multiple loops
  • Nuchal cord

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