VANTAGGIO DELLA TERAPIA COMBINATA CON CAPTOPRIL E NITRATI NELL'INSUFFICIENZA CARDIACA CONGESTIZIA GRAVE

Translated title of the contribution: Advantage of combined therapy with captoril and nitrates in serious congestive heart failure

D. A. Halon, T. Rosenfeld, R. Hardoff, B. S. Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We compared the acute hemodynamic effects of captopril and nitrates in 11 patients with severe congestive heart failure and grade IV cardiac disability. Pressures were measured using a Swan-Ganz catheter system; cardiac output and stroke index were measured by thermodilution, and left-ventricular (LV) volumes and ejection fraction were calculated simultaneously with the hemodynamic measurements from radionuclide ventriculography. Measurements were made in each of 4 treatment states: control, sublingual isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN; 5 and 15 mg), oral captopril (50-200 mg daily) and during combined therapy with captopril and ISDN. Captopril produced a fall in mean arterial pressure (p < 0.01) from 81 ± 14 to 72 ± 13 mm Hg and a rise in stroke index from 30 ± 5 to 35 ± 91/min/m2 (p < 0.05), while LV ejection fraction increased from 18 ± 5 to 21 ± 7% (p < 0.05). ISDN reduced mean arterial, pulmonary arterial, right-atrial and wedge pressure. The combination of captopril and ISDN produced a greater fall in mean arterial pressure, a further rise in ejection fraction to 22 ± 8% (p < 0.05), a fall in systemic (p < 0.05) and pulmonary vascular resistance (p < 0.01) and a rise in cardiac (p < 0.01) and stroke work index (p < 0.01), while the beneficial effects of ISDN on right atrial, pulmonary arterial and wedge pressure were again achieved. LV contractility, assessed from end-systolic stress-shortening relations, was essentially unaltered or decreased very slightly. The study showed that combined therapy with captopril and nitrates produced acute hemodynamic benefits superior to those achieved by treatment with captopril or nitrates alone.

Translated title of the contributionAdvantage of combined therapy with captoril and nitrates in serious congestive heart failure
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)43-51
Number of pages9
JournalCardiology
Volume84
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Captopril
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Nitrates
  • Ventricular function

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