In recent years, it has become evident that CD is much more common than previously appreciated, with a prevalence of 0.5% to 1% in Western, Arabian, and Indian populations. The disease may be present without symptoms (silent CD) or may present with extraintestinal manifestations only. Increasing awareness of the many faces of CD will increase diagnosis rate. CD patients have a cure for their disease, named the gluten-free diet, but this curative measure is very hard to adhere to. With the new insights into the pathogenesis of CD, clinicians enter an era where new treatment modalities for CD may turn into reality.