Advanced procedures for separation and analysis of low molecular weight inhibitor (NCXIF) of the cardiac sodium-calcium exchanger

Liron Boyman, Reuben Hiller, Beni Shpak, Erika Yomtov, Chagit Shpak, Daniel Khananshvili*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A low molecular weight inhibitor (NCXIF) of the cardiac Na/Ca exchanger, isolated from the calf ventricle tissue, is capable of regulating the muscle strip's contractility and relaxation without involving the β-activation pathway. The structural analysis of NCXIF requires highly purified preparations that fulfill the demanding requirements for mass spectra and NMR analyses. No such preparation is yet available. To this end, new HPLC procedures were developed by a combination of the reverse phase, normal phase, and HILIC (hydrophilic liquid chromatography) techniques. The specific activity of NCXIF is 105 times higher in the purified preparations (as compared to the crude extract) showing a 2-5% yield of total inhibitory activity and 20-100 μg content of final material. The purification yield reveals that 1 kg ventricle muscle contains 0.1-0.2 mg NCXIF, meaning that the tissue concentrations of NCXIF may reach 10 -7-10-6 M. The diode-array scanning of purified preparations of NCXIF shows a homogeneous 3D peak with a maximal absorption at 202 nm. These spectral properties may represent a five-membered ring (e.g., proline, histidine) and/or simple chemical groups (like amine, carbonyl, ester, etc.), but not an aromatic ring or complex conjugates (alkyne, alkene, aldehyde, etc.). NCXIF does not respond to phenol/sulfur reagent, suggesting that it lacks reducing (aldo) sugar. NCXIF shows a faint response to fluorescamine, meaning that it may contain an amino group (or its derivative). It is believed that a combination of presently developed procedures with LC/MS and LC/MS/MS may provide a useful tool for structural analysis of NCXIF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)936-943
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number3
StatePublished - 25 Nov 2005


  • Calcium
  • Cardiac muscle
  • Endogenous inhibitor
  • NCX1
  • Sodium-calcium exchange


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