Advanced non-small cell lung cancer: Induction chemotherapy and chemoradiation before operation

Arnold Cyjon*, Moshe Nili, Gershon Fink, Mordechai R. Kramer, Eyal Fenig, Judith Sandbank, Aaron Sulkes, Erica Rakowsky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background. Induction chemotherapy before operation is beneficial for patients with advanced locoregional non-small cell lung cancer. However, no optimal regimen has been established. This study assesses feasibility, response, resectability, and survival of chemotherapy followed by chemoradiation before operation in patients with non-small cell lung cancer. Methods. Fifty-seven stage IIIA and selected IIIB patients with non-small cell lung cancer received 2/3 cycles of cisplatin and oral etoposide, followed in 3/4 weeks by chemoradiation with daily cisplatin before each radiation fraction. Patients achieving a resectable status underwent operation. Results. Response to induction treatment was documented in 73%; 69% achieved a resectable status and 53% underwent operation. Median survival was 16 months. The 1-, 2-, and 3-year survival rates were 65%, 35% and 22%, respectively. There was no difference in survival between stage IIIA and IIIB disease. Myelotoxicity was moderate to severe (grade III/IV in 61% of patients). Three patients died of late complications of pneumonectomy. Conclusions. Our presurgery chemotherapy and chemoradiation protocol yields high response and resectability rates, with moderate to severe myelotoxicity. Pneumonectomy is associated with a relatively high rate of late complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)342-347
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2002


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