Advanced glycation end products stimulate tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1 beta secretion by peritoneal macrophages in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Advanced glycation end products, formed by the non-enzymatic glycation of proteins with reducing sugars, are thought to play a pathogenetic role in the vascular complications of diabetes, uremia and atherosclerosis. β2-microglobulin is a major constituent of amyloid fibrils in dialysis-related amyloidosis. AGE1-modified β2m has been found in amyloid deposits of long-term hemodialysis patients. AGE-modified β2m has also been shown to enhance chemotaxis and increase tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1 beta secretion by circulating and tissue monocytes/macrophages. Objectives: To investigate the effect of AGE-modified β2m and AGE-human serum albumin on TNF-α and IL-1β secretion by human peritoneal macrophages derived from patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Methods: Human PMØ were isolated from peritoneal dialysis effluent of stable CAPD patients and were incubated for 24 hours with AGE-modified β2m, β2m, AGE-HSA, HSA or lipopolysaccharide. TNF-α or 1L-1β secretion was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in cell-free culture supernatants. Results: Both AGE-modified β2m and AGE-HSA significantly increased TNF-α and IL-1β secretion by human PMØ in a dose-dependent manner (50-200 μg/ml). In contrast, β2m or HSA had no such stimulatory effect on TNF-α secretion but had a small significant increase in IL-1β secretion. Conclusions: AGE-modified β2m promotes in vitro TNF-α and 1L-1β secretion by human PMØ of CAPD patients. Activation of these macrophages by AGE-modified β2m may be a contributory factor to the morphologic changes and altered permeability of the peritoneal membrane in long-term CAPD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-39
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume8
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2006

Keywords

  • Advanced glycation end products
  • Interleukin-1 beta
  • Peritoneal macrophages
  • Tumor necrosis factor-alpha
  • β2-microglobulin

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Advanced glycation end products stimulate tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1 beta secretion by peritoneal macrophages in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this