Adenomatous Polyposis Phenotype in BMPR1A and SMAD4 Variant Carriers

Guy Rosner, Yael Petel-Galil, Ido Laish, Zohar Levi, Revital Kariv, Hana Strul, Ophir Gilad, Nathan Gluck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Variants in SMAD4 or BMPR1A cause juvenile polyposis syndrome, a rare autosomal dominant condition characterized by multiple gastrointestinal hamartomatous polyps. A phenotype of attenuated adenomatous polyposis without hamartomatous polyps is rare. METHODS: We describe a retrospective cohort of individuals with SMAD4 or BMPR1A heterozygous germline variants, having ≥10 cumulative colorectal adenomas and/or colorectal cancer without hamartomatous polyps. All individuals had multigene panel and duplication/deletion analysis to exclude other genetic syndromes. RESULTS: The study cohort included 8 individuals. The pathogenic potential of the variants was analyzed. Variants detected included 4 missense variants, 1 nonsense variant, 1 splice site variant, and 2 genomic deletions. Features of pathogenicity were present in most variants, and cosegregation of the variant with polyposis or colorectal cancer was obtained in 7 of the 8 families. Three of 8 individuals had colorectal cancer (age less than 50 years) in addition to the polyposis phenotype. Two individuals had extraintestinal neoplasms (pancreas and ampulla of Vater). DISCUSSION: The clinical phenotype of SMAD4 and BMPR1A variants may infrequently extend beyond the classical juvenile polyposis syndrome phenotype. Applying multigene panel analysis of hereditary cancer-related genes in individuals with unexplained polyposis can provide syndrome-based clinical surveillance for carriers and their family members.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e00527
JournalClinical and Translational Gastroenterology
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2022

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