Additive value of superficial parasternal intercostal plane block and serratus anterior plane block in lung transplantation surgery: A retrospective exploratory study

Karam Azem*, Shai Fein, Benjamin Zribi, Daniel Iluz-Freundlich, Ido Neuman, Michal Y. Livne, Omer Kaplan, Roussana Aranbitski, Philip Heesen, Liran Statlender, Dan Gorfil, Yaron Barac, Yuri Peysakhovich, Eitan Mangoubi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Adequate pain control following lung transplantation (LTx) surgery is paramount. Thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) is the gold standard; however, the potential use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and consequent anticoagulation therapy raises safety concerns, prompting clinicians to seek safer alternatives. The utility of thoracic wall blocks in general thoracic surgery is well established; however, their role in the context of LTx has been poorly investigated. Methods: In this retrospective exploratory study, we assessed the effect of adding a superficial parasternal intercostal plane (sPIP) block and serratus anterior plane (SAP) block to standard anesthetic and analgesic care on tracheal extubation rates, pain scores and opioid consumption until 72 hours postoperatively in LTx. Results: Sixty patients were included in the analysis; 35 received the standard anesthetic and analgesic care (control group), and 25 received sPIP and SAP blocks in addition to the standard anesthetic and analgesic care (intervention group). We observed higher tracheal extubation rates in the intervention group at 8 hours postoperatively (16.0% vs 0.0%, p=0.03). This was also shown after adjusting for known prognostic factors (OR 1.18; 95% CI 1.04 to 1.33, p=0.02). Furthermore, we noted a lower opioid consumption measured by morphine milligram equivalents at 24 hours in the intervention group (median 405 (IQR 300-490) vs 266 (IQR 168-366), p=0.02). This was also found after adjusting for known prognostic factors (β -118; 95% CI -221 to 14, p=0.03). Conclusion: sPIP and SAP blocks are safe regional analgesic techniques in LTx involving ECMO and clamshell incision. They are associated with faster tracheal extubation and lower opioid consumption. These techniques should be considered when TEA is not appropriate. Further high-quality studies are warranted to confirm these findings.

Original languageEnglish
JournalRegional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • analgesics, opioid
  • pain management
  • pain, postoperative
  • regional anesthesia

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