Adding statistical regularity results in a global slowdown in visual search

Anna Vaskevich*, Roy Luria

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Current statistical learning theories predict that embedding implicit regularities within a task should further improve online performance, beyond general practice. We challenged this assumption by contrasting performance in a visual search task containing either a consistent-mapping (regularity) condition, a random-mapping condition, or both conditions, mixed. Surprisingly, performance in a random visual search, without any regularity, was better than performance in a mixed design search that contained a beneficial regularity. This result was replicated using different stimuli and different regularities, suggesting that mixing consistent and random conditions leads to an overall slowing down of performance. Relying on the predictive-processing framework, we suggest that this global detrimental effect depends on the validity of the regularity: when its predictive value is low, as it is in the case of a mixed design, reliance on all prior information is reduced, resulting in a general slowdown. Our results suggest that our cognitive system does not maximize speed, but rather continues to gather and implement statistical information at the expense of a possible slowdown in performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-27
Number of pages9
JournalCognition
Volume174
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2018

Funding

FundersFunder number
Israel Science Foundation862/17

    Keywords

    • Implicit learning
    • Practice
    • Predictive value
    • Statistical learning
    • Visual search

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