ADAR1-mediated regulation of melanoma invasion

Yael Nemlich, Erez Nissim Baruch, Michal Judith Besser, Einav Shoshan, Menashe Bar-Eli, Liat Anafi, Iris Barshack, Jacob Schachter, Rona Ortenberg, Gal Markel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Melanoma cells use different migratory strategies to exit the primary tumor mass and invade surrounding and subsequently distant tissues. We reported previously that ADAR1 expression is downregulated in metastatic melanoma, thereby facilitating proliferation. Here we show that ADAR1 silencing enhances melanoma cell invasiveness and ITGB3 expression. The enhanced invasion is reversed when ITGB3 is blocked with antibodies. Re-expression of wild-type or catalytically inactive ADAR1 establishes this mechanism as independent of RNA editing. We demonstrate that ADAR1 controls ITGB3 expression both at the post-transcriptional and transcriptional levels, via miR-22 and PAX6 transcription factor, respectively. These are proven here as direct regulators of ITGB3 expression. miR-22 expression is controlled by ADAR1 via FOXD1 transcription factor. Clinical relevance is demonstrated in patient-paired progression tissue microarray using immunohistochemistry. The novel ADAR1-dependent and RNA-editing-independent regulation of invasion, mediated by ITGB3, strongly points to a central involvement of ADAR1 in cancer progression and metastasis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2154
JournalNature Communications
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2018

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