In this paper, we propose an adaptive control approach with fuzzy logic parameter tuning (AFLPT) for the energy management of electric vehicles that are using fuel cell battery hybrid systems. The controller is adaptive to different driving conditions including normal, regenerative, and overload conditions. Specifically, the power flow between the fuel cell (FC) and the Li-ion battery is controlled in real time to maintain the battery state of charge (SOC) at a desirable level while satisfying the FC dynamic constraints. For guaranteeing performance in different driving conditions, the FLPT is integrated with the adaptive controller. Moreover, theoretical properties of the designed controller are analyzed. Simulation and experiment results illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed strategy for FC-battery hybrid systems in electric vehicles.
- Adaptive control
- electric vehicles
- fuel cell battery hybrid system
- fuzzy logic control
- power management