Acute Stress Responses: A Review and Synthesis of ASD, ASR, and CSR

Leanna Isserlin*, Gadi Zerach, Zahava Solomon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Toward the development of a unifying diagnosis for acute stress responses this article attempts to find a place for combat stress reaction (CSR) within the spectrum of other defined acute stress responses. This article critically compares the diagnostic criteria of acute stress disorder (ASD), acute stress reaction (ASR), and CSR. Prospective studies concerning the predictive value of ASD, ASR, and CSR are reviewed. Questions, recommendations, and implications for clinical practice are raised concerning the completeness of the current acute stress response diagnoses, the heterogeneity of different stressors, the scope of expected outcomes, and the importance of decline in function as an indicator of future psychological, psychiatric, and somatic distress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-429
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Volume78
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2008

Keywords

  • acute stress disorder
  • acute stress reaction
  • combat stress reaction

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