Acute stimulation of creatine kinase activity by vitamin D metabolites in the developing cerebellum

I. Binderman, S. Harel, Y. Earon, A. Tomer, Y. Weisman, A. M. Kaye, D. Sömjen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There is increasing evidence that vitamin D metabolites have a developmental function. We have investigated the influence of the vitamin D status on the activity of creatine kinase in the brain. Normally fed rats show an increase in the specific activity of cerebral and cerebellar creatine kinase during postnatal development. Vitamin-D-depleted rats failed to show this normal increase. Developing cerebellum, but not cerebrum, in both vitamin D-depleted rats and in normally fed animals, responded sequentially to a single injection of a vitamin D metabolite by displaying increased creatine kinase specific activity. In 5-25-day-old rats, 24R,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3 significantly increased creatine kinase specific activity 24 h after injection. In contrast, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3 stimulated cerebellar creatine kinase specific activity from 20 days after birth. A similar pattern of sequential responsiveness to vitamin D metabolites, but at an earlier age, was shown in the cerebellum of the rabbit, which is a 'perinatal brain developer' compared to the rat, a 'postnatal brain developer'. Because of the difficulty in obtaining vitamin D-depleted rabbits, studies were carried out in normally fed animals. In these rabbits, 24R,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3 stimulated cerebellar creatine kinase activity between 6 days before birth and 9 days after birth, while 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3 caused an increase in cerebellar creatine kinase specific activity from 8 days after birth. These developmental differences found in creatine kinase basal activity and responsiveness are correlated with differences in cellular growth rates, both in the rabbit and in the rat, suggesting that vitamin D metabolites may be required for optimal cerebellar development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-16
Number of pages8
JournalBBA - Molecular Cell Research
Volume972
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Oct 1988
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • (Rat cerebellum)
  • Creatine kinase
  • Dihydroxyvitamin D-3
  • Dihydroxyvitamin D-3 metabolite
  • Postnatal development

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