After the introduction of acute normovolaemic haemodilution (NVHD) in our hospital, we prospectively studied 19 patients managed with moderate NVHD (mean haematocrit 0.28, SD 0.02) during idiopathic scoliosis surgery (mean angle 53.2, SD 16.7 degrees) with the Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation (CDI). Our standard scoliosis anaesthetic technique was used. Intraoperatively, one patient received one unit of homologous blood. Postoperatively, seven patients received ten units of homologous blood Homologous blood used was reduced by about 83% for this procedure in our institution. In the assessment of fluid and blood requirements we found physical signs reflecting tissue perfusion and oxygen supply more reliable than the estimated blood loss using the suction bottle and swabs. The similar postoperative complications (nine fever, five atelectasis/pneumonia, one urinary infection, one phlebitis), anaesthetic duration (mean 5.21, SD 1.13) hours, hospitalisation (mean 6.67, SD 1.19) days and return to normal activity (mean 8, SD 7.68) weeks indicate that the NVHD patients did just as well as with our previous regimen when only homologous blood was used.
- Acute normovolaemic haemodilution