Acute myocardial infarction with spontaneous reperfusion: Clinical characteristics and optimal timing for revascularization

Nir Uriel*, Gil Moravsky, Alex Blatt, Arkadi Tourovski, Ziad Gabara, Inna Yofik, Vladimir Danicek, Alberto Hendler, Rony Braunstein, Ricardo Krakover, Zvi Vered, Edo Kaluski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Spontaneous coronary reperfusion occurs in 7-27% of patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction, and is an independent predictor of myocardial salvage, percutaneous coronary intervention success, and improved outcome. Objectives: To determine the optimal PCI time for patients admitted to the hospital due to STEMI with SCR. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients admitted to the coronary care unit between July 2002 and November 2004 with a diagnosis of STEMI with SCR. Results: The study group comprised 86 patients. There was not a single reinfarction episode during an observation period of 6579 patient hours. Cardiac catheterization was executed early (< 24 hours from pain onset) in 26 patients and late (> 24 hours) in 55. Pre-PCI angiographic TIMI flow 2-3 was seen in > 95% in both groups. PCI was performed more frequently in the "early" group (P = 0.024), while multi-vessel coronary artery disease (P = 0.094) requiring coronary bypass surgery (P = 0.056) was observed more frequently in the "late catheterization" group. Myocardial infarction and angina pectoris at 30 days occurred more frequently in the early catheterization group (P = 0.039), however no difference in any major adverse cardiac events was detected during long-term follow-up (491 ± 245 days). Conclusions: Reinfarction after STEMI with SCR is a rare event. Early PCI in patients with STEMI and SCR, even when executed with aggressive antiplatelet therapy, seems to result in an excess of early MACE without any long-term advantage. Prospective randomized trials should determine the optimal PCI timing for these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-246
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume9
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2007

Keywords

  • Percutaneous coronary intervention reinfarction
  • ST elevation myocardial infarction
  • Spontaneous coronary reperfusion

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