The hematological malignancies associated with nephrotic syndrome are mainly Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) has rarely been described in association with the nephrotic syndrome. The clinical course of a 44-year-old patient with AML who presented with nephrotic syndrome is described and the clinicopathologic features of the other cases reported in the world literature are reviewed. We could not find a consistent pattern regarding the subtype of leukemia, renal pathology, and temporal relationship between the nephrotic syndrome and the leukemia or the response to treatment. The present case was unique in that the clinical course of the renal disorder correlated with the course of the leukemia responding to treatment with anti-leukemic agents. We conclude that nephrotic syndrome can also be associated with AML. In some cases there is a direct causal effect of the leukemic process on the renal pathology while in others it is exerted indirectly via other complications of the malignancy or the treatment.
- Acute myelogenous leukemia
- Nephrotic syndrome