Acute lymphoblastic leukemia in a patient with chronic granulomatous disease and a novel mutation in CYBB: First report

Baruch Wolach*, Shifra Ash, Ronit Gavrieli, Batia Stark, Isaac Yaniv, Dirk Roos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We report for the first time a child with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) who developed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The diagnosis of CGD was made at the age of 4 months, by studies of his neutrophil functions. The superoxide production of the cells was negligible, as was the bactericidal activity. He was found to have a deficiency of the gp91phox subunit of the leukocyte NADPH oxidase, with the X-linked inheritance of the disease. DMA analysis revealed a C nucleotide insertion between C1028 and T1029. This insertion has not been described before and causes a frameshift and a premature stop codon at amino-acid position 347. The mother was found to be a carrier of this mutation. At the age of 16 months, the patient developed T-cell ALL. He was treated for 2 years, and today, 10 years since the diagnosis, he is disease-free. During the course of ALL and later, he suffered from recurrent severe pyogenic infections, but careful detection of the etiological agent and promptly instituted specific treatment resulted in his complete recovery. Although primary immune deficiencies have been reported to have an increased tendency to develop malignancies, until now there have been no reports of CGD patients with ALL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-54
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Hematology
Volume80
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2005

Keywords

  • ALL
  • CGD
  • Molecular analysis
  • NADPH oxidase
  • Neutrophils

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