This paper reports on two cases of large volume pericardiocentesis followed by transient severe acute left ventricular (LV) systolic failure in the absence of any prior history of LV dysfunction. Acute LV volume overload due to interventricular volume mismatch is believed by most authors to be the cause for this phenomenon. Another plausible physiopathologic explanation is the acute increase in "wall stress" (Laplace's law) due to acute distention of the cardiac chambers secondary to a sudden increase in venous return at high filling pressures, combined with a "vacuum" effect of the evacuated pericardial space.
- Cardiogenic shock
- Pericardial effusion