Acute Left Ventricular Failure after Large Volume Pericardiocentesis

A. Chamoun, R. Cenz, A. Mager, A. Rahman, C. Champion, M. Ahmad, Yochai Birnbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper reports on two cases of large volume pericardiocentesis followed by transient severe acute left ventricular (LV) systolic failure in the absence of any prior history of LV dysfunction. Acute LV volume overload due to interventricular volume mismatch is believed by most authors to be the cause for this phenomenon. Another plausible physiopathologic explanation is the acute increase in "wall stress" (Laplace's law) due to acute distention of the cardiac chambers secondary to a sudden increase in venous return at high filling pressures, combined with a "vacuum" effect of the evacuated pericardial space.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)588-590
Number of pages3
JournalClinical Cardiology
Volume26
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cardiogenic shock
  • Echocardiography
  • Pericardial effusion
  • Pericardiocentesis

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