Acute bacterial peritonitis: Permeability of cephalosporins in the peritoneal cavity

A. Eyal, F. Greif, I. Shalit, S. Lelcuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Acute bacterial peritonitis is a common surgical disease treated with fluid resuscitation, surgery and antibiotics. The choice and use of antibiotics is an important supplement of therapy. Cephalosporins are among the most frequently used drugs for this condition. Although there is evidence that these agents reach the peritoneal cavity under normal conditions, no data are available regarding their delivery and concentration during acute secondary bacterial peritonitis. In order to determine the effectiveness of these agents in such cases, we studied the diffusion of three generations of cephalosporins - cefazolin, cefonicid and cefotaxime - into the peritoneal cavity during controlled bacterial peritonitis in rats. Our results show that ail three drugs reached therapeutic concentrations in the peritoneal fluid; the highest concentration was obtained by the third-generation cefotaxime.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1317-1319
Number of pages3
JournalIsrael Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume32
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute bacterial peritonitis
  • Cephalosporins

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