Acute and long-term effect of percutaneous coronary intervention on serially-measured oxidative, inflammatory, and coagulation biomarkers in patients with stable angina

Gregor Leibundgut, Jun Hee Lee, Bradley H. Strauss, Amit Segev, Sotirios Tsimikas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To derive insights into the temporal changes in oxidative, inflammatory and coagulation biomarkers in patients with stable angina undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). PCI is associated with a variety of biochemical and mechanical stresses to the vessel wall. Oxidized phospholipids are present on plasminogen (OxPL-PLG) and potentiate fibrinolysis in vitro. We recently showed that OxPL-PLG increase following acute myocardial infarction, suggesting that they are involved in atherothrombosis. Plasma samples were collected before, immediately after, 6 and 24 h, 3 and 7 days, and 1, 3, and 6 months after PCI in 125 patients with stable angina undergoing uncomplicated PCI. Plasminogen levels, OxPL-PLG, and an array of 16 oxidative, inflammatory and coagulation biomarkers were measured with established assays. OxPL-PLG and plasminogen declined significantly immediately post-PCI, rebounded to baseline, peaked at 3 days and slowly returned to baseline by 6 months (p < 0.0001 by ANOVA). The temporal trends to maximal peak in biomarkers were as follows: immediately post PCI: OxPL-apoB and lipoprotein (a); Day 1—the inflammatory biomarker IL-6; Day 3—CRP and coagulation biomarkers OxPL-PLG, plasminogen and tissue plasminogen activity; Day 3 to 7—plasminogen activator inhibitor activity, and complement factor H binding to malondialdehyde-LDL and MDA-LDL IgG; Day 7–30 MDA-LDL IgM, CuOxLDL IgM, and ApoB-IC IgM and IgG; >30 days uPA activity, uPA antigen, CuOxLDL IgG and peptide mimotope to MDA-LDL. Most of the biomarkers trended to baseline by 6 months. PCI results in a specific, temporal sequence of changes in plasma biomarkers. These observations provide insights into the effects of iatrogenic barotrauma and plaque disruption during PCI and suggest avenues of investigation to explain complications of PCI and development of targeted therapies to enhance procedural success.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)569-580
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2016

Keywords

  • Coagulation and oxidative biomarkers
  • Complement factor H
  • Oxidized phospholipids
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention
  • Plasminogen

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