Activity groups for persons with dementia: Personal predictors of participation, engagement and mood

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15 Scopus citations


This study examined the relationship between personal characteristics and attendance, engagement, sleep, and mood outcomes of persons with dementia participating in group activities. The purpose of this study is to examine which persons with dementia benefit most from group interventions. Sixty-nine persons with dementia were observed by research and therapeutic recreation staff during 10 types of group activities (reading aloud with discussion, choral-singing, baking, creative storytelling, brain games, active games, exercise, reminiscence poetry, holiday newsletter, and holiday discussions) on multiple outcomes (attendance duration, sleep, engagement, active participation, attitude, and positive mood). Correlations between these outcomes and personal characteristics (demographics, functional and medical characteristics, personal preferences for group activities) were conducted. Variables with significant correlations were then entered into regression analyses. Many of the personal characteristics were significantly correlated with the outcomes. Cognitive function was the most consistent predictor of all outcomes. Personal characteristics, particularly cognitive function, can predict the responses of persons with dementia during group activities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-380
Number of pages6
JournalPsychiatry Research
StatePublished - Nov 2017


FundersFunder number
Rotman Family and the Morris Justein Visiting Scholars Program
Minerva Foundation


    • Attendance
    • Dementia
    • Group activity
    • Sleep


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