Actively controlled vehicle suspension with energy regeneration capabilities

Sagiv Bar David, Ben Zion Bobrovsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The paper presents an innovative dual purpose automotive suspension topology, combining for the first time the active damping qualities with mechanical vibrations power regeneration capabilities. The new configuration consists of a linear generator as an actuator, a power processing stage based on a gyrator operating under sliding mode control and dynamics controllers. The researched design is simple and energetically efficient, enables an accurate force-velocity suspension characteristic control as well as energy regeneration control, with no practical implementation constraints imposed over the theoretical design. Active damping is based on Skyhook suspension control scheme, which enables overcoming the passive damping tradeoff between high- and low-frequency performance, improving both body isolation and the tire's road grip. The system-level design includes configuration of three system operation modes: passive, semi-active or fully active damping, all using the same electro-mechanical infrastructure, and each focusing on different objective: dynamics improvement or power regeneration. Conclusively, the innovative hybrid suspension is theoretically researched, practically designed and analysed, and proven to be feasible as well as profitable in the aspects of power regeneration, vehicle dynamics improvement and human health risks reduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)833-854
Number of pages22
JournalVehicle System Dynamics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2011


  • active suspension
  • hybrid systems
  • ride comfort
  • semi-active suspension
  • shock absorber
  • suspension control


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