Active tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus co-infection in Israel: A retrospective study

Daniele Bendayan, Klementy Littman, Vladimir Polansky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Tuberculosis is the most common opportunistic infection among people infected with human immunodeficiency virus and its first cause of morbidity and mortality. Objectives: To analyze the characteristics of a population in Israel with both tuberculosis disease and HIV infection in order to identify factors that contribute to outcome. Methods: The study group comprised patients hospitalized in the Pulmonary and Tuberculosis Department of Shmuel Harofeh Hospital during the period January 2000 to December 2006. They were located by a computer search of the hospital registry and the pertinent data were collected. results: During the study period 1059 cases of active tuberculosis disease were hospitalized; 93 of them were co-infected with HIV. Most of them came from endemic countries (61.2% from Ethiopia and 20.4% from the former Soviet Union; none of them was born in Israel). Ten percent of the cases were multiple-drug resistant and 32% showed extrapulmonary involvement. The response rate to the treatment was good, and the median hospitalization time was 70 days. The mortality rate was 3.2%. Conclusions: Despite the high prevalence of pulmonary disease in our group, the short-term outcome was good and the Mycobacterium was highly sensitive to first-line drugs. These encouraging results can be attributed to the fact that tuberculosis patients in Israel are identified early and treated continuously and strictly, with early initiation of antiretroviral therapy, which together ensure that the development of drug resistance is low.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-103
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2010


  • Directly observed therapy
  • Human immunodeficiency virus
  • Israel
  • Tuberculosis


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