Active labour is associated with increased oxidisibility of serum lipids ex vivo

Ofer Fainaru*, Benny Almog, Ilya Pinchuk, Michael J. Kupferminc, Dov Lichtenberg, Ariel Many

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: As a first step towards evaluating the role of oxidative stress in the process of labour, we tested whether term labour is associated with increased oxidisibility of maternal serum lipids. Design: A controlled prospective study. Setting: Tertiary care centre. Population: Twenty healthy women in active labour and 20 healthy pregnant women not in labour (controls) matched for maternal and gestational age. Methods: Venous blood was drawn from women in both groups. Serum levels of lipid peroxidation products and the kinetics of copper-induced oxidation ex vivo were monitored spectroscopically at 37°C by continuous recording of absorbance at 245 nm. Main outcome measures: Oxidative stress parameters. Results: The initial optical density (OD) at 245 nm, attributed to preformed dienic hydroperoxides and 7-keto-cholesterol (main products of lipid peroxidation), was higher in the labouring group than in the controls (1.30 ± 0.11 vs 1.18 ± 0.09, OD 245 nm, respectively, P < 0.001). The lag phase, reflecting resistance of serum lipids to oxidation, was significantly shorter in the labouring group than in the controls (43.2 ± 1.4 vs 56.2 ± 4.7 min, respectively, P = 0.01). Conclusion: High levels of serum hydroperoxides and decreased resistance of serum lipids to copper-induced peroxidation ex vivo suggest labour to be associated with high oxidative stress. Whether oxidative stress is involved in initiating the labour process or is consequent awaits further studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)938-941
Number of pages4
JournalBJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Volume109
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2002

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