Activation of G(o)-proteins by membrane depolarization traced by in situ photoaffinity labeling of Gα(o)-proteins with [α32P]GTP-azidoanilide

Yosef Anis, Bernd Nürnberg, Leonid Visochek, Nachum Reiss, Zvi Naor, Malka Cohen-Armon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Evidence for depolarization-induced activation of G-proteins in membranes of rat brain synaptoneurosomes has been previously reported (Cohen- Armon, M., and Sokolovsky, M. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 2595-2605; Cohen- Armon, M., and Sokolovsky, M. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 9824-9838). In the present work we identify the activated G-proteins as G(o)-proteins by tracing their depolarization-induced in situ photoaffinity labeling with [α32P]GTP-azidoanilide (GTPAA). Labeled GTPAA was introduced into transiently permeabilized rat brainstem synaptoneurosomes. The resealed synaptoneurosomes, while being UV-irradiated, were depolarized. Relative to synaptoneurosomes at resting potential, the covalent binding of [α32P]GTPAA to Gα(o1)]- and Gα(o3)-proteins, but not to Gα(o2)- isoforms, was enhanced by 5- to 7-fold in depolarized synaptoneurosomes, thereby implying an accelerated exchange of GDP for [α32P]GTPAA. Their depolarization-induced photoaffinity labeling was independent of stimulation of G(o)-protein-coupled receptors and could be reversed by membrane repolarization, thus excluding induction by transmitters release. It was, however, dependent on depolarization-induced activation of the voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSC), regardless of Na+ current. The α subunit of VGSC was cross-linked and co-immunoprecipitated with Gα(o)-proteins in depolarized brain-stem and cortical synaptoneurosomes. VGSC α subunit most efficiently cross-linked with guanosine 5'-O-2-thiodiphosphate-bound rather than to guanosine 5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate)-bound Gα(o)-proteins in isolated synaptoneurosomal membranes. These findings support a possible involvement of VGSC in depolarization-induced activation of G(o)-proteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7431-7440
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume274
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 Mar 1999

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