Activation-Induced Cytidine Deaminase Links Ovulation-Induced Inflammation and Serous Carcinogenesis

Stav Sapoznik, Keren Bahar-Shany, Hadar Brand, Yishay Pinto, Orshay Gabay, Efrat Glick-Saar, Chen Dor, Oranit Zadok, Iris Barshack, Adi Zundelevich, Einav Nili Gal-Yam, Yuval Yung, Ariel Hourvitz, Jacob Korach, Mario Beiner, Jasmine Jacob, Erez Y. Levanon, Michal Barak, Sarit Aviel-Ronen, Keren Levanon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In recent years, the notion that ovarian carcinoma results from ovulation-induced inflammation of the fallopian tube epithelial cells (FTECs) has gained evidence. However, the mechanistic pathway for this process has not been revealed yet. In the current study, we propose the mutator protein activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) as a link between ovulation-induced inflammation in FTECs and genotoxic damage leading to ovarian carcinogenesis. We show that AID, previously shown to be functional only in B lymphocytes, is expressed in FTECs under physiological conditions, and is induced in vitro upon ovulatory-like stimulation and in vivo in carcinoma-associated FTECs. We also report that AID activity results in epigenetic, genetic and genomic damage in FTECs. Overall, our data provides new insights into the etiology of ovarian carcinogenesis and may set the ground for innovative approaches aimed at prevention and early detection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-99
Number of pages10
JournalNeoplasia
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

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