Acrosomal status of human spermatozoa after follicular fluid or calcium ionophore challenge in relation to semen parameters and fertilizing capacity in vitro

O. Avrech, B. Fisch, R. Shalgi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The proportion of spermatozoa that undergo spontaneous acrosome reaction in vitro is relatively low. The proportion can be enhanced by incubation with either biological inducers such as follicular fluid or chemicals like calcium ionophore. It has been suggested that improper acrosomal reaction may be a cause of fertilization failure in vitro. The objectives of the present study were to assess the acrosomal status of human sperm following follicular fluid or calcium ionophore treatment and to analyse the relationship between spontaneous and induced acrosome reaction and fertilization rates in vitro by standard in vitro fertilization (IVF) technology. In all, 53 semen samples (22 normal and 31 subnormal) were studied. The effect of calcium ionophore A 23187 and follicular fluid was assessed using the fluorescence activated cell sorter. IVF results were evaluated in relation to the acrosome status of the sperm samples. Our results demonstrate that the effect of follicular fluid on the acrosomal status correlated positively with the effect obtained by the calcium ionophore (Pearson's correlation r = 0.45). A significantly higher percentage of maximal acrosome change (P < 0.02) was found in cases where fertilization occurred (19/27), than in sperm samples that did not achieve fertilization in vitro (8/27). The present finding that follicular fluid induced acrosome reaction can serve as a predictive tool which is as good as the ionophore treatment for assessing IVF outcome, supports the use of this method for clinical purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-101
Number of pages5
JournalAndrologia
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

Keywords

  • acrosome reaction
  • calcium ionophore
  • follicular fluid
  • human sperm
  • in vitro fertilization

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