Achievement tests and the importance of intelligence and personality in predicting life outcomes

Yoav Ganzach, Chen Zisman

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

    Abstract

    We welcome Golsteyn, Heckman, and Humphries (this issue) comment regarding the roles of personality and intelligence for in predicting important life outcomes. In an earlier paper, Borghans, Golsteyn, Heckman, and Humphries (2016) argued that personality variables were stronger predictors of life outcomes than intelligence. In a rejoinder, Zisman and Ganzach (2022) analyzed some of the same data sets, and others, and came to the opposite conclusion. In their response in this issue, three of the authors of the original paper suggested that the disagreement stems from an inappropriate reliance on grades and achievement tests, and in particular the AFQT, as measures of intelligence. In the current comment we discuss the appropriateness of these measures, review the sources of the disagreement, and emphasize that Ganzach and Zisman's conclusion that intelligence is more important than personality in predicting life outcomes does not depend on this disagreement.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number101679
    JournalIntelligence
    Volume94
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Sep 2022

    Keywords

    • Achievement tests
    • Important life outcomes
    • Intelligence
    • Personality
    • The bell curve debates

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