Accurate noninvasive measurement of cell size and compartment shape anisotropy in yeast cells using double-pulsed field gradient MR

Noam Shemesh, Evren Özarslan, Peter J. Basser, Yoram Cohen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The accurate characterization of pore morphology is of great interest in a wide range of scientific disciplines. Conventional single-pulsed field gradient (s-PFG) diffusion MR can yield compartmental size and shape only when compartments are coherently ordered using q-space approaches that necessitate strong gradients. However, double-PFG (d-PFG) methodology can provide novel microstructural information even when specimens are characterized by polydispersity in size and shape, and even when anisotropic compartments are randomly oriented. In this study, for the first time, we show that angular d-PFG experiments can be used to accurately measure cellular size and shape anisotropy of fixed yeast cells employing relatively weak gradients. The cell size, as measured by light microscopy, was found to be 5.32±0.83μm, whereas the results from noninvasive angular d-PFG experiments yielded a cell size of 5.46±0.45μm. Moreover, the low compartment shape anisotropy of the cells could be inferred from experiments conducted at long mixing times. Finally, similar experiments were conducted in a phantom comprising anisotropic compartments that were randomly oriented, showing that angular d-PFG MR provides novel information on compartment eccentricity that could not be accessed using conventional methods. Angular d-PFG methodology seems to be promising for the accurate estimation of compartment size and compartment shape anisotropy in heterogeneous systems in general, and biological cells and tissues in particular.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-246
Number of pages11
JournalNMR in Biomedicine
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

Keywords

  • Cell shape
  • Cell size
  • Compartment shape anisotropy
  • Diffusion
  • Double-PFG
  • Microscopic anisotropy
  • NMR
  • Yeast cells

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