Accelerated reconstruction of dictionary-based T2 relaxation maps based on dictionary compression and gradient descent search algorithms

Guy Shpringer, David Bendahan, Noam Ben-Eliezer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Quantitative T2-relaxation-based contrast maps have shown to be highly beneficial for clinical diagnosis and follow-up. The generation of quantitative maps, however, is impaired by long acquisition times, and time-consuming post-processing schemes. The EMC platform is a dictionary-based technique, which involves simulating theoretical signal curves for different physical and experimental values, followed by matching the experimentally acquired signals to the set simulated ones. Purpose Although the EMC technique has shown to produce accurate T2 maps, it involves computationally intensive post-processing procedures. In this work we present an approach for accelerating the reconstruction of T2 relaxation maps. Methods This work presents two alternative post-processing approaches for accelerating the reconstruction of EMC-based T2 relaxation maps. These are (a) Dictionary compression using principal component analysis (PCA) and (b) gradient-descent search algorithm. Additional acceleration was achieved by finding the optimal MATLAB C++ compiler. The utility of the two suggested approaches was examined by calculating the relative error, produced by each technique. Results Gradient descent method was in perfect agreement with the ground truth exhaustive search matching process. PCA based acceleration produced root mean square error (RMSE) of up to 4% compared to exhaustive matching process. Overall acceleration of x16 was achieved using gradient descent in addition to x7 acceleration by choosing the optimal MATLAB C++ compiler. Conclusions Postprocessing of EMC-based T2 relaxation maps can be accelerated without impairing the accuracy of the ensuing T2 values.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-66
Number of pages11
JournalMagnetic Resonance Imaging
Volume87
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Dictionary compression
  • Gradient descent
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Principal component analysis
  • T mapping

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