Abolition of the expression but not the acquisition of latent inhibition by chronic amphetamine in rats

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Abstract

The animal amphetamine model of schizophrenia has been based primarily on stereotyped behavior. The present study sought to demonstrate an amphetamine-induced deficit in attentional processes. To this end, the effects of acute and chronic (14 days) 1.5 mg/kg dl-amphetamine administration on the ability of rats to ignore irrelevant stimuli were examined using the paradigm of latent inhibition (LI) in a conditioned emotional response (CER) procedure. The procedure consisted of three stages: pre-exposure, in which the to-be-conditoned stimulus, tone, was presented without being followed by reinforcement; acquisition, in which the pre-exposed tone was paired with shock; and test, in which LI was indexed by animals' suppression of licking during tone presentation. Experiment 1 showed that chronic but not acute treatment abolished LI. Experiment 2 showed that animals receiving chronic amphetamine pretreatment but pre-exposed and conditioned without the drug, exhibited normal LI. In Experiment 3, animals which received chronic amphetamine pretreatment and were pre-exposed under the drug but conditioned without it, also showed normal LI. The implications of these results for the animal amphetamine model of schizophrenia are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-199
Number of pages6
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume83
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1984

Keywords

  • Chronic amphetamine
  • Conditioned suppression
  • Latent inhibition
  • Rat
  • Schizophrenia

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