Abdominopelvic irradiation was given to 18 stage II-IV ovarian carcinoma patients who completed cisplatinum-based combination chemotherapy, were in complete clinical remission, and who underwent second-look laparotomy. The survival as well as the progression-free interval (PFI) was significantly longer in patients with a negative second-look laparotomy than in those with limited residual disease at this operation. Abdominopelvic irradiation was not effective in patients with limited residual disease at second-look laparotomy (3 year survival-34.3% and median PFI from second-look laparotomy-4.8 months). Even in patients with a negative second-look laparotomy the median PFI was only 13 months from this operation and the 3-year survival was 87.5%. The results were similar to other comparable series in which no treatment was administered to patients with a negative second-look laparotomy.