The role of prostaglandins (PGs) in the ovulatory process is known. However, the role of the ATP binding cassette subfamily C member 4 (ABCC4), transmembrane PG carrier protein, in ovulation remains unknown. We report herein that ABCC4 expression is significantly upregulated in preovulatory human granulosa cells (GCs). We found that PGE2 efflux in cultured human GCs is mediated by ABCC4 thus regulating its extracellular concentration. The ABCC4 inhibitor probenecid demonstrated effective blocking of ovulation and affects key ovulatory genes in female mice in vivo. We postulate that the reduction in PGE2 efflux caused by the inhibition of ABCC4 activity in GCs decreases the extracellular concentration of PGE2 and its ovulatory effect. Treatment of female mice with low dose of probenecid as well as with the PTGS inhibitor indomethacin or Meloxicam synergistically blocks ovulation. These results support the hypothesis that ABCC4 has an important role in ovulation and might be a potential target for non-hormonal contraception, especially in combination with PGE2 synthesis inhibitors. These findings may fill the gap in understanding the role of ABCC4 in PGE2 signaling, enhance the understanding of ovulatory disorders, and facilitate the treatment and control of fertility.