A unique marine-derived collagen: Its characterization towards biocompatibility applications for tissue regeneration

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Biomedical engineering combines engineering and materials methods to restore, maintain, improve, or replace different types of biological tissues. In tissue engineering, following major injury, a scaffold is designed to support the local growth of cells, enabling the development of new viable tissue. To provide the conditions for the mechanical and structural properties needed for the restored tissue and its appropriate functioning, the scaffold requires specific biochemical properties in order to ensure a correct healing process. The scaffold creates a support system and requires a suitable material that will transduce the appropriate signals for the regenerative process to take place. A scaffold composed of material that mimics natural tissue, rather than a synthetic material, will achieve better results. Here, we provide an overview of natural components of marine-derived origin, the collagen fibers characterization schematic is summarized in the graphical abstract. The use of collagen fibers for biomedical applications and their performances in cell support are demonstrated in an in vitro system and in tissue regeneration in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Article number419
JournalMarine Drugs
Volume19
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Biocomposite
  • Collagen fibers
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Soft corals, sarcophyton

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