## Abstract

A unified approach is presented for the treatment of various coupled-mode phenomena in two parallel waveguides. This approach is summarized in a set of four coupled equations [see [8] or (12) in the paper], which is derived directly from Maxwell's equations. The equations are further simplified when applied to special cases such as evanescent coupling and gratingassisted coupling between parallel w{aveguides [e.g., reduced to a set of two equations). In particular, for evanescently coupled waveguides, the equations reduce to the familiar vectorial coupled-mode equations. For grating-assisted waveguides the equations agree with earlier treatments, although, in some cases, ma) include extra terms which were omitted previously. Considering the special case of perturbations in a single waveguide, the equations in the examples coincide with those given elsewhere in earlier works. The reduction to scalar equations or extension to multiwaveguide systems is straightforward.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 1109-1116 |

Number of pages | 8 |

Journal | IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics |

Volume | 34 |

Issue number | 7 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jul 1998 |

## Keywords

- Coupled-mode analysis
- Directional couplers
- Optical coupling
- Waveguide arrays
- Waveguide couplers
- Waveguide theory