A TT¯ -like deformation of the Skyrme model and the Heisenberg model of nucleon-nucleon scattering

Horatiu Nastase*, Jacob Sonnenschein

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Skyrme model, though it admits correctly a wide range of static properties of the nucleon, does not seem to reproduce properly the scattering behavior of nucleons at high energies. In this paper we present a TT¯ -like deformation of it, inspired by a 1+1 dimensional model, in which boosted nucleons behave like shock waves. The scattering of the latter saturates the Froissart bound. We start by showing that 1+1 dimensional TT¯ deformations of the free abelian pion action are in fact generalizations of the old Heisenberg model for nucleon-nucleon scattering, yielding the same saturation of the Froissart bound. We then deform the strong coupling limit of the bosonized action of multi-flavor QCD in two dimensions using the TT¯ deformation of the WZW action with a mass term. We derive the classical soliton solution that corresponds to the nucleon, determine its mass and discuss its transformation into a shock-wave upon boosting. We uplift this action into a 3+1 dimensional TT¯ -like deformation of the Skyrme action. We compare this deformed action to that of chiral perturbation theory. A possible holographic gravity dual interpretation is explored.

Original languageEnglish
Article number19
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2021


  • Chiral Lagrangians
  • Effective Field Theories
  • Nonperturbative Effects
  • Solitons Monopoles and Instantons


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