Using a novel 4 × 4 Mueller-like time-dependent matrix to describe the propagation of modulated light in birefringent optical systems, a new method for characterizing the polarization-mode dispersion and polarization-dependent loss is proposed and demonstrated. By measuring the RF spectra for nine different input states of polarization (SOP), the spectrum of any other input SOP is accurately predicted. Another application of the general formulation allows the study of the dependence of the time-resolved characteristics of the SOP of light propagating in a birefringent medium.
- Eye diagram
- Optical communication
- Polarization-dependent loss (PDL)
- Polarization-mode dispersion (PMD)
- Polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) compensation
- Raio-frequency (RF) spectrum