The current paper examines the impact of globalization on two large cities in Israel - Jerusalem and Tel Aviv - to understand how these cities integrate into the global flows. It explores fundamental differences between the cities. The state is deeply involved in Jerusalem's municipal issues, while its impact on Tel Aviv has weakened considerably. Several indicators of opposing municipal-state relations are introduced, along with differences in citizen-authority interactions and citizenship formations. We attribute these findings to Jerusalem being a national city and Tel Aviv becoming a global city: in Jerusalem, the state curtails global interactions and influences conceptions of citizenship, while Tel Aviv has developed policies independent of the state and is influenced by global attitudes of citizenship.
- City-state relationships
- Tel Aviv