A systematic review of reported outcomes following Ponseti correction of idiopathic club foot

Y. Gelfer, K. P. Hughes, A. Fontalis, S. Wientroub, D. M. Eastwood

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims To analyze outcomes reported in studies of Ponseti correction of idiopathic clubfoot. Methods A systematic review of the literature was performed to identify a list of outcomes and outcome tools reported in the literature. A total of 865 studies were screened following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, and 124 trials were included in the analysis. Data extraction was completed by two researchers for each trial. Each outcome tool was assigned to one of the five core areas defined by the Outcome Measures Recommended for use in Randomized Clinical Trials (OMERACT). Bias assessment was not deemed necessary for the purpose of this paper. Results In total, 20 isolated outcomes and 16 outcome tools were identified representing five OMER-ACT domains. Most outcome tools were appropriately designed for children of walking age but have not been embraced in the literature. The most commonly reported isolated outcomes are subjective and qualitative. The quantitative outcomes most commonly used are ankle range of motion (ROM), foot position in standing, and muscle function. Conclusions There is a diverse range of outcomes reported in studies of Ponseti correction of clubfoot. Until outcomes can be reported unequivocally and consistently, research in this area will be limited. Completing the process of establishing and validating COS is the much-needed next step.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)457-464
Number of pages8
JournalBone and Joint Open
Volume1
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • clubfoot
  • outcomes
  • Ponseti

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