A survey of proper-motion stars. XVI. Orbital solutions for 171 single-lined spectroscopic binaries

David W. Latham*, Robert P. Stefanik, Guillermo Torres, Robert J. Davis, Tsevi Mazeh, Bruce W. Carney, John B. Laird, Jon A. Morse

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

We report 25,563 radial velocity measurements for 1359 single-lined stars in the Carney-Latham sample of 1464 stars selected for high proper motion. For 171 of these, we present spectroscopic orbital solutions. We find no obvious difference between the binary characteristics in the halo and the disk populations. The observed frequency is the same, and the period distributions are consistent with the hypothesis that the two sets of binaries were drawn from the same parent population. This suggests that metallicity in general, and radiative opacities in particular, have little influence over the fragmentation process that leads to short-period binaries. All the binaries with periods shorter than 10 days have nearly circular orbits, while the binaries with periods longer than 20 days exhibit a wide range of eccentricities and a median value of 0.37. For the metal-poor high-velocity halo binaries in our sample, the transition from circular to eccentric orbits appears to occur at about 20 days, supporting the conclusion that tidal circularization on the main sequence is important for the oldest binaries in the Galaxy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1144-1161
Number of pages18
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume124
Issue number2 1760
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2002

Keywords

  • Binaries: spectroscopic
  • Galaxy: halo

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