Exposure to a short ischemic period (ischemic preconditioning, IP) will protect the heart from damage following a subsequent longer ischemic episode. The aim of the study was to test whether IP is cardioprotective in the setting of repeated ischemia-reperfusion cycles. Thus, Langendorff-perfused hearts, exposed to IP, were subjected to three consecutive ischemia-reperfusion (10/15 min) cycles. Myocardial energetics, manifested by 31P NMR spectroscopy, was correlated with hemodynamics. ATP recovery was significantly higher for the IP group compared with control (P < 0.02) during reperfusions. However, there was no significant difference in ATP recovery during the three ischemic intervals. The supernormal recovery of phosphocreatine recorded during reperfusion was lower for the IP group (∼120%) compared with control (∼135%, P < 0.065). Better recovery of the left ventriculardeveloped pressure was noted during reperfusions for the IP group and became significant only during the last reperfusion (86% versus 68%, P < 0.025). In conclusion, the above results support prolonged IP cardioprotection.
- P NMR
- Perfused rat heart