Objective There is no standardized endoscopic description of upper gastrointestinal [UGI] disease in Crohn's disease [CD]. We prospectively applied the Simple Endoscopic Score for CD [SES-CD] to the UGI tract as a planned sub-study of the multicentre prospective ImageKids study. We aimed to assess the utility of the UGI-SES-CD and its clinical significance in paediatric CD. Design Patients underwent an oesophagogastroduodenoscopy [EGD], ileocolonoscopy, and magnetic resonance enterography [MRE] with explicit clinical data recorded. SES-CD was scored at each region [oesophagus, stomach body, antrum, and duodenum]. Half of the patients were followed for 18 months, when a repeat MRE was performed. Results A total of 202 children were included 56% males, mean age 11.5 ± 3.2 years, median weighted Paediatric Crohn's Disease Activity Index [wPCDAI 25]). UGI-SES-CD score ranged 0-17, with 95 [47%] having a UGI-SES-CD ≥1; no narrowing was detected. UGI-SES-CD ≥1 was associated with higher: wPCDAI [32.5 vs 20; p = 0.03]; Physician's Global Assessment [PGA] of inflammation (45 mm visual analogue score [VAS] vs 30 mm VAS; p = 0.04); ileocolonoscopic SES-CD [10 vs 7; p = 0.004], faecal calprotectin [717 μg/g vs 654 μ/g; p= 0.046]; and radiological global assessment of damage by MRE [7 mm VAS vs 0; p = 0.04]. In all, 81 patients were followed for 18 months and no association was identified between initial UGI SES-CD and markers of disease course such as surgery, MRE assessment, or treatment escalation. Conclusion UGI-SES-CD is an easily reported objective scoring system and is associated with a more severe disease phenotype but not with disease course.
- Crohn's disease